TMD encompasses a group of disorders that affect the TMJ, which connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull. This joint plays a crucial role in everyday activities like talking, chewing, and swallowing. When there is dysfunction or impairment in the TMJ, it can lead to TMD. TMD is a term used to describe a range of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in this joint and the surrounding muscles and tissues.
The exact causes of TMD are not always clear-cut, as it often involves a combination of factors. Some common factors and triggers include:
Muscle Overuse or Strain: Excessive clenching or grinding of teeth, which can be a response to stress, can strain the jaw muscles and contribute to TMD.
Trauma or Injury: Direct impact to the jaw or head, as well as whiplash injuries, can damage the TMJ and lead to TMD.
Arthritis: Inflammatory joint conditions like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis can affect the TMJ and contribute to TMD.
Malocclusion: Misalignment of the teeth or an improper bite can put stress on the TMJ, leading to TMD over time.
Bruxism: Habitual teeth grinding or clenching, often during sleep, can lead to TMD.
Stress: Emotional and psychological stress can result in muscle tension and jaw clenching, exacerbating TMD symptoms
Ready to say goodbye to jaw pain? Reach out to Cleona Dental today to schedule your TMD Treatment consultation.